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Quebec Adopts Emergency Law To End Tuition Crisis


May 16 Student Protest In Montreal

CBC  |  Posted: 05/18/2012 7:10 pm Updated: 05/18/2012 11:21 pm

Quebec Emergency

Woman crying in front of a wall of Surete du Quebec riot squad police officers as they advance to remove striking students at the College Lionel-Groulx.The Canadian Press Images-Mario Beauregard

Quebec‘s legislature has voted in favour of an emergency law aimed at cooling tensions in the 14-week tuition hike crisis.

After debating the special legislation overnight Thursday, members of the national assembly (MNAs) voted 68-48.

The legislation calls for heavy fines for students and their federations, and strict regulations governing demonstrations, following months of social tension and protests that made international news.

Critics lined up to assail the law as an affront to civil rights, an overreaction, or ill-considered improvisation.

Thousands of people took to the streets in Montreal and Quebec City late Friday night to protest the bill’s passage.

Even international activist collective Anonymous weighed in on the “draconian” legislation via Twitter, stating simply “Expect us.”

The new law is based on three main pillars: It pauses the current school year at institutions affected by strikes; imposes steep fines for anyone who tries blocking access to a school; and limits where, how, and for how long people can protest in Quebec.

For some legal experts the law violates rights — while opposition leaders have called it “abusive.”

“It’s the worst law that I’ve ever seen, except for the War Measures Act,” said law professor Lucie Lemonde, referring to the notorious legislation imposed in Quebec during the 1970 FLQ crisis.

“We knew something was coming, but I didn’t think they would use it to change the rules of the game in terms of the rights to demonstrate,” said Lemonde, who teaches at the University of Quebec in Montreal (UQÀM).

The law attacks an individual’s rights to freedom of expression, association and conscience, she said.

The head of the Quebec Bar Association, Louis Masson, said Bill 78 violates constitutional rights, including freedom of speech and the right to demonstrate peacefully.

The law also creates many roadblocks to organizing a peaceful demonstration, and presents “so many risks that an honest citizen practically will not go there.”

However, there were grumblings from some members of the bar that not all Quebec lawyers are opposed to the law.

Student groups promised to launch a court challenge against Bill 78 next week.

The law is designed to expire in July, 2013.

Critical reception

The Opposition has been extremely critical of the bill, pounding on the Charest government during the lengthy debate.

Parti Québécois Leader Pauline Marois calls the law “abusive” and promised to repeal it, if her party is elected to power in the future.

“The darkest moment always comes before the light,” Marois said in the moments before the vote.

“It will be time to change the government soon.”

Student leaders were also quick to denounce the bill soon after initial details of the legislation were released.

“This is actually a declaration of war against the student movement and not only against the student movement, but it restricted the liberty of speech, the liberty of association,” said Martine Desjardins, president of university student group FEUQ.

It was among several protest-related developments in Quebec on Friday as Montreal adopted a new, municipal anti-mask bylaw.

Bill 78 summary

Fines of between $1,000 and $5,000 for any individual who prevents someone from entering an educational institution.

Penalties climb to between $7,000 and $35,000 for a student leader and to between $25,000 and $125,000 for unions or student federations.

Public demonstations involving more than 50 people have to be flagged to authorities eight hours in advance, include itinerary, duration and time at which they are being held.

Police can order the protest move to a different spot.

Offering encouragement for someone to protest at a school, either tacitly or otherwise, is subject to punishment.

Is It Necessary to Consult Personal Injury Lawyers After an Accident?


It isn’t necessary to contact injury solicitors or accident injury lawyers after an accident at all, if you don’t want to. You can, of course – you’re perfectly entitled to contact a no win no fee solicitor if you feel that you deserve compensation for an accident or incident visited on you that was

Beyond your control and
Not your fault –
But that doesn’t mean that you have to.

If you do, the benefits you are likely to get are pretty impressive. For a start, you’re almost bound to recover some cash payment to offset the trauma of your accident. Injury solicitors are well versed in recovering the maximum amount of compensation to which you are legally entitled – so if you need help paying for medical expenses, or simply covering the gap between pay cheques, then accident injury lawyers are an excellent mouthpiece.

One of the most beneficial things an accident lawyer does for you is to give you emotional support. That might sound a little odd, lawyers providing emotional support – but think about it. After you have been in an accident that was not your fault you are at a pretty low ebb. Injury solicitors are there to show you a way to get justice done, and to have someone legally blamed for the thing that happened to you.

Accident injury lawyers are not fazed by legalities. Walking the minefield of the law is their job. If you get knocked down, or are hurt in any way by circumstances beyond your control. At the fault of organisation too big and faceless for you to pin down, then your injury lawyer becomes you best friend. He or she is there to talk for you in that world of big companies and big legal departments. You might feel like David facing Goliath – but your injury solicitors are your secret weapon, the stone in your slingshot.

If you are involved in an accident that was not your fault, and you do decide that you would like to contact accident injury lawyers, you are advised to do so sooner rather than later – though technically you can make a claim for any incident that has occurred within the last three years.

You may, of course, wish to make a claim only after you have realised the extent of your own suffering, Whiplash is a classic example of this kind of retroactive claiming. Injuries like whiplash manifest themselves slowly and it can be impossible to tell how much effect they are going to have on your life. The ability to claim for an accident that happened up to three years ago allows you to reconsider an original decision not to contact injury solicitors. Something that you initially shrugged off as unimportant may, after all, have a lasting resonance in your life – and if at this point you feel you are entitled to compensation then you’ll be glad of the buffer zone.

Accident injury lawyers have your best interests at heart. They are the only people capable of representing you against big corporations or powerful individuals with the money to fight their own legal battles. As such, our advice has to be that if you do find yourself in an accident that was not your fault, you really should think about contacting personal injury solicitors. There is nothing to lose – and there could be everything to gain.

If you would like more information about how and when to contact an accident injury lawyer, you can visit www.accidentsdirect.com.

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Categories: Law